Top animal welfare officials at the U.S. Department of Agriculture were subpoenaed last year by a federal grand jury seeking to establish why they took no action against animal research breeder Envigo despite repeatedly documenting the mistreatment of thousands of beagles, according to several people familiar with the matter. 

The Animal Welfare Act (AWA) is the only federal law that regulates the treatment of dogs in commercial breeding facilities. This piece of legislation sets forth minimum standards of care for dogs in commercial breeding facilities, such as standards for cage space, flooring, veterinary care, and sanitation. The USDA’s enforcement of the AWA is extremely lax and ineffective enforcement, which allows for barbaric treatment of commercially bred dogs to persist. 

Read more about this case here.